Roman Toledo Spain
the Romans arrived in Toledo in the First Century A.D., they found a
"very well-defended city," situated on a mountain and surrounded by a
river. The Romans built a massive wall that kept Toledo safe from
invasions for centuries and thus left their mark upon this city that had
previously been little more than a pre-historic, barbaric settlement on
top of a mountain.
Though time and conquerors destroyed most of what
Rome left behind, remnants survive.
Columns from the second century
grace synagogues that look like mosques, and the layout of Toledo
remains distinctly Roman even though the Muslims tried to disguise its
The Alcantara Bridge and El Alcazar.
you can see El Rio Tajo (the Tajo River) and El Puente de Alcantara
(The Bridge of Alcantara).
This river is perhaps Toledo's greatest
defensive player, and for centuries it has kept Toledo isolated and
self-sufficient. You can also see here that Toledo is situated on a
mountain, another key defensive asset.
This bridge is one of several
constructed originally by the Romans.
Though it has been rebuilt several
times since the Roman occupation, its lines and structure are
Perhaps the most famous of Toledo's ancient bridges is El
Puente de San Martin (The Bridge of Saint Martin), which is seen in El
Greco's Vista de Toledo (View of Toledo).
It is difficult to know much
about the Romans from their remains in Toledo because they were either
destroyed or assimilated by later cultures. However, we do know that the
Romans fancied Toledo a sort of informal royal city (indeed, it is
still called "La Ciudad Real" by the more traditional residents of
The Visigoths invaded Toledo and expelled the Romans in the
Fifth Century A.D. and were the first Christian residents of Toledo.
However, they were all but wiped out by the Muslims and then Christians